Numerous archeological finds show the existance of the first signs of life. There are also prehistoric findings from the cave near Ras and finding at Dojeviće belonging to the culture of Bronze Age from the 8th century BC. About the first settlements from the Neolithic period dating back from the fourth millenium BC testify is from Naprelja and Krivača where the pieces of ceramics and clay figures were found. They belong to Vinca group which is widespread in Serbia, Vojvodina, Kosovo, parts of Bosnia, Transylvania and Bulgaria.

This is evidenced by the rich discoveriess known as Autriatae goods (The caravans) or Novi Pazar findings where gold, silver and amber ornaments and Greek vases were foud. Those vases belonged to the Prince of 1st millennium BC. These findings are part of so-called Glasinac Culture which is closely associated with culture of the western and south-western parts of the Balkan Peninsula.

During the Roman times, Novi Pazar was located on important Roman place in Balkans and it was famous as Statio Asinoe of what an English archeologist Sir Arthur Evans, an Australian painter Felix Canic and later K. Kostić and F. Jukić wrote about.

For its exceptional geographical position, Novi Pazar had special geo-strategic importance that belonged to Zeta, Byzantium, Hungary, Bosnia, Austro – Hungary and Turkey. During the Second World War it belonged to Germany. Many famous conquerors had marched through Novi Pazar; Byzantine Emperior Manoilo Komnen in 1149, Uroš and Sultan Mehmed Fatih II in 1459.

In the Middle Ages Novi Pazar became the capital of the state Raška and since the 15th to the beginning of the 20th century it was the capital of Ottoman Sandžak and for a while the capital of Novi Pazar Vilajet.

Novi Pazar flourished in 1468 when it got status of šeher and was one of the biggest towns in Balkans. It was, officially, founded by Isa-beg Isakovic as Yeni Bazar. The first written document where it was called Novi Pazar was a decision of the Quorum of Dubrovnik Republic in 1461 when Consul was sent to Novi Pazar.  Since the 20th century Novi Pazar entered world encyclopedia as a synonym for Sandžak when the whole region got status corpus separtum and was placed under an international protectorate as Novi Pazar Sandžak.

Sources:

„Novi Pazar i okolina”, grupa autora Beograd 1969

„Gde se nalazila Srbija od VII do XII veka”, Relja Novaković, Istorijski institut,Beograd

„Sandžak historija i činjenice”, Sandžaki odbor za zaštitu ljudskih prava i sloboda, Novi Pazar 1994

„Iliri i Tračani”, Dragoslav Srejović, Beograd 2002,

„ P Balkans A Critical History of Research”, Staša Babić, University of Belgrade, Yugoslav European Journal of Archeology Vol. 5(1):7088

 

Novi Pazar is located 297 km south of Belgrade on the section of the old road which along Ibar route leads to Podgorica and Adriatic Sea. It is located in the valley of the rivers Jošanica, Taska, Deževska and Ljudska River at an altitude of 496 meters. It is surrounded by high mountains Golija and Rogozna and Pešter Plateau.

This region is rich in natural resourses. It is spacious mountainous territory where mild and sharp climbs meet river cuts and valleys, plateaus, large complexes of coniferous forests, vast meadows and pastures. This region has a very rich flora and fauna, plenty of water, thermal and mineral springs (Novi Pazar spa, Rajčinovića spa, Slatina and Deževa Kiseljak). With natural and human resources as well as numerous monuments, Novi Pazar has great potential for sustainable development – healthy food production and development of tourism.