The Raska river springs from a cave under the limestone section of the Golac hill, 15 km west of Novi Pazar and in the immediate vicinity of the Sopocani monastery. The cave entrance is located at an absolute altitude of 726 m and is 10 meters high.
The length of the river from the spring to the confluence with the Ibar near the town of Raska is 39 km.
GREAT IMPACT OF MOUNTAINS GOLIA AND ROGOZNA ON THE RASKA RIVER BASIN
A Spring From A Small Cave
The Spring Of The Raska River
The Raska is a left tributary of the Ibar in the Raska region of Serbia. It is 39 km long. It springs out, south of the Sopoćani monastery, as a strong spring from a small cave near the contact of Triassic limestones and Paleozoic schists. The most important of the watercourses is the Raska River, with a catchment area of 1193 km2. The total length of the watercourse is 879,500 km. There are 737m of watercourses in every square kilometer of the watershed. The following rivers flow into Raska: Jošanica, Ljudska, Dezevska, Trnavica, Slatinska, Izbicka, Kukavicka.
The Source Of Life
On average, about 750 mm of water is discharged annually into the Raska basin, from the mountains of Rogozna and Golija, and their impact of precipitation is over 100 mm due to the snow cover that remains solid until April. The lowest water level is in July and September, and the highest in November and March. The biggest width of the river is in the lower course and is 10m, and in its deepest by 1.50m. The total length of the river is 36 km. The Raska spring is on the border between shale and limestone. Its flow yield is 23l/sec.
Reka “ Raška“ se rađa na padinama Pešterske visoravni, u blizini manastira Sopoćani, negde na oko 17 km zapadno od Novog Pazara. Na samom izvoru je „hladna kao led“ sa temperaturom koja ne prelazi 8 (osam)*C.
From 1973 to 1977, in the atar of the village of Gazivode one of the largest dams with a clay foundation in Europe was constructed, according to the project of the company "Energoprojekt" from Belgrade. The lake of the same name is located in the municipality of Tutin, in southwestern Serbia and in the municipality of Zubin Potok, in the north of Kosovo and Metohija. Above the lake there are the Mokra Gora mountains, at the foot of which are Crna Reka and Rogozna monasteries. The lake is 24 kilometers long, the height of the dam is 107 meters, the base is 460 meters wide and 408 meters long. The main purpose of this lake is to irrigate the Kosovo plain, but it also has a smaller hydroelectric power plant located in the place of the same name. Canals take water from Gazivode to Lake Gracanica and are used to supply the city of Pristina. Water from this hydrosystem was also used for the necessary cooling in the Obilic TPP. Part of the lake also belongs to the city of Novi Pazar.
Lake Gazivode is an artificial lake created in 1977 by damming the Ibar River in its upper riverbed . During 2017 and 2018, an international team of archaeologists and scientists carried out a series of underwater research. They discovered several monuments of medieval Serbian culture at the bottom of Lake Gazivode. The most significant of them are: the remains of the palace of the Serbian medieval queen Jelena of Anjou, the remains of the Ckilje monastery, the bell tower from the 13th century, two medieval churches, nine Roman necropolises.